10. Common Skunk - Mephitis mephitis. About 24" long. Weighs about 8 pounds. Has 4-6 young in a litter. Eats small mammals, insects, fish and eggs. Has very strong scent. Habitat is clearings, pastures or open ground near the borders of forests. Home is a burrow or old badger hole. Forestry Story - An old logging railroad trestle is almost hidden by a new crop of 20 to 30 years old Douglas fir. Such trees are about as high as a three-story house. They will be harvested in time to supply wood for you or your children.
13. Chinook Salmon (also King Salmon) - Oncorhynchus tschawytscha. Weighs up to 100 pounds. Deposits thousands of eggs when spawning. Eats smaller fish and crustacea. A very valuable food fish. Habitat is freshwater streams when young; the ocean while maturing. Returns to fresh water to spawn and die. Forestry Story - Tree farming practices help keep abundant water supplies in the Northwest. Mature trees left as seed blocks and quickly-established new tree crops protect watersheds and prevent excessive water runoff.
12. Red-Breasted Nuthatch - Sitta canadensis. About 5" long. Has 4-8 young in a brood. Eats insects, nuts and hard seeds. Wedges them in a branch cleft and breaks the shell with its chisel-like bill. Habitat is forest and thicket, usually near civilization. Nests in hollow trees. Forestry Story - The damp, long winters and mild summers coupled with good forest soil produces long-fibered wood of unusual strength in Douglas fir regions of Washington and Oregon. Douglas fir is native to this area.
3. Mountain Goat - Oreamnos americanus. About 41" tall. Has 1 or 2 kids at once. Eats mountain plants - moss, grass, lichens, twigs and brush. Habitat is the highest and roughest mountains. Rocky ridges and walls. Seldom seen below timber line. Forestry Story - Douglas fir seedlings grow best on open, sunlit ground. That is why Douglas fir forests are harvested by clear-cutting staggered patches on tree farms. New tree crops for the future grow rapidly on the clean, cutover areas.
4. Brown Bear (also Black Bear) - Ursus americanus. About 5 feet long. Weighs 200-500 pounds. Has 1-3 young per litter. Practically omniverous. Fond of honey. Habitat is any suitable wooded area. Has den in winter. Forestry Story - Both wildlife and young fir trees thrive on open tree farm lands. Staggered patches of mature trees are left near harvested areas to provide a natural seed source for the new crop of young trees.
9. Blue Grouse - dedragapus obscurus. About 20" long. Has 6-10 young in a brood. Eats seeds, berries, young shoots and tender leaves. A valuable game bird. Habitat is mostly in coniferous forests. Nests on the ground under brush. Forestry Story - This dense young forest will supply wood for a future generation. Within a few years, it may be thinned by the tree farmer. Small trees thinned out will supply useful wood and the trees which remain will grow faster.
2. Valley Quail - Lophortyx californica. About 10" long. Has 9-15 chicks. Eats weed seeds, grain and insects. Fine game bird. Habitat is agricultural and semi-agricultural regions. Nests on the ground. Forestry Story - Tree farmers grow timber as a crop, just like oats or corn. Most tree farm lands are too hilly or remote for any other use. Any parts found suitable for ordinary farming are usually released for general agriculture.
15. Cougar - Felis concolor. From 7-8 feet long. Has one or two young in a litter. Eats large and small animals and birds. Occasionally insects. Habitat is forest and thicket. Lives in a cave or fissure in the rocks. Forestry Story - Fire is the worst enemy of the forest. To protect trees against fire, tree farmers build and maintain thousands of miles of forest roads...and use lookouts, short-wave radio, and the most modern fire-fighting equipment.
18. Great Horned Owl - Bubo virginianus. About 24" long. Has 2-4 young in a brood. Eats birds and animals, especially mice. Habitat is woodland and adjacent areas. Forestry Story - Tree farmers harvest pine by individual tree selection. Since pine grows in open stands, new trees thrive right among older trees, left as a seed source. Douglas fir, however, must be clear-cut or new trees won't grow well.
14. Otter - Lutra canadensis. About 45" long. Weighs 18-25 pounds. Has 1-3 young in a litter. Eats fish, crayfish and at times birds and small mammals. Habitat is the vicinity of lakes and water courses. Den is in a bank with entrance under water, or sometimes in a hollow log. Forestry Story - Natural forest enemies destroy timber every year than is harvested for American's daily needs. Such enemies include fire, wind, insects and disease. Tree farmers spend vast sums to suppress damage from these sources.