The Army Specialized Training Program was implemented at twenty-two universities during World War II to help meet the increased demand for soldiers trained with technical skills. Physical conditioning was a required part of the ASTP curriculum.
Nancy Dewey was an alumna and a corporal in the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps who served as a cook for a WAC detachment in New Guinea during World War II. She was later employed by the State Department and stationed in Iran, among other locations.
The Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa crossed into United States territory and attacked the town of Columbus, New Mexico on March 9, 1916. In response, the United States sent a detachment of 4,800 troops under General John Pershing into Mexico to chase and capture Villa in retribution. Pershing and his troops spent the next few months tracking Villa, to no avail. Toward the end of Pershing’s campaign in June 1916, President Woodrow Wilson ordered several National Guard units from around the country to protect the border and as a show of force. The 3rd Oregon Infantry was one of the units that made up the 110,000-soldier National Guard contingent on the border.