During winter term 2016, two OSU student activists Mai Xee Yang and Nicthé Verdugo worked with Charlene Martinez, Associate Director of Integrated Learning for Social Change within Diversity & Cultural Engagement, on a project entitled Voices Without Borders for their Arts and Social Justice Practicum course. For more information, see the OMA blog: http://wpmu.library.oregonstate.edu/oregon-multicultural-archives/2016/03/19/voiceswithoutborders/, Interview Summary: Part 1 of the interview begins with project participant introductions and with Verdugo explaining the interview purpose and structure. The purpose is to bring together the Hmong and Latino/Chicano communities to speak about the stories behind their families coming to the United States. The interview structure is for each person to have four minutes to share their story, followed by an opportunity for artistic expression, and closing with a reconvening to reflect on the stories shared and artwork created. The participants Alejandra Mendoza, Lorena Ambriz, Guadalupe Garcia, Warren Wang, Gina Chang, and Nitché Verdugo then share their parents’ immigration stories, their connections to their race/ethnicity, and reflections upon their own identities. In Part 2 Mai Xee Yang and Natalia Fernández share their family immigration stories and how they have shaped their lives. Audio file available via MediaSpace: https://media.oregonstate.edu/media/t/0_8rt11i4v, Project Participant Bios: Alejandra Mendoza was born in Fresno, CA and raised in Boardman, OR, and is majoring in Mathematics; Lorena Ambriz was born in Mexico, raised in Eastern Oregon, and is majoring in Sociology; Guadalupe “Lupe” Garcia is from Salem, OR, and is majoring in Human Development and Family Sciences; Warren Wang is from Portland, OR, and is majoring in Biochemistry/Biophysics; Gina Chang is from Portland, OR, and is majoring in Psychology; Nitché Verdugo is from Southern California and Mexico and is majoring in Ethnic Studies with a focus on Chicanx/Latinx Studies; Mai Xee Yang is from Portland, OR, and is earning a Bachelors in Fine Arts. Natalia Fernández is from Tucson, AZ, and is an archivist. Mendoza, Ambriz, Garcia, Verdugo, and Yang are members of M.E.Ch.A. (Movimiento Estudiantil Chicanx de Aztlán). Wang and Chang are members of the OSU Hmong Club.
The Fred Milton family interview begins with Loretta Milton, Fred Milton’s widow, sharing her experiences while attending Oregon State University during the 1969 Black Student Union (BSU) Walkout, her relationship with Fred Milton, including their struggles as an interracial marriage, and their lives in Utah, Montreal, Canada, and eventually Portland, Oregon. Loretta describes Fred’s dissatisfaction with the Canadian football team and his subsequent jobs in Portland as a community liaison for the police, his employment at IBM, and his work for the city government. Zalika Gardner, Loretta and Fred’s first child, then shares some recollections of her father including: his wisdom, sensitivity, and sense of humor; his love to share stories; his talent as an athlete; his very humble personality; and his values. Gardner then describes her grandfather, a sharecropper who worked in Arkansas and then moved with his family to the West and worked on the railroad; his personality and influence on Fred’s life. The conversation then returns to Loretta who describes in more detail the circumstances and events of the BSU Walkout at OSU in 1969, the students who led the Walkout, and the campus reaction. Isaiah Adams, Loretta and Fred’s grandson and Zalika Gardner’s son, shares his perspective on his relationship with his grandfather, his admiration for his grandparents, and the values that he learned from Milton. The interview turns back to Loretta who describes some of the personal aspects of her marriage with Fred including his talent for letter writing, the evolution of their relationship with her parents, and his integrity. Loretta then shares her knowledge regarding the relationship between Fred Milton and football coach Dee Andros including their time while Fred attended OSU and their reconciliation during Fred’s candidacy for Portland County Commissioner. Both Loretta and Zalika describe Fred’s intellect and love of learning and the environment in addition to his athletic abilities, and Isaiah shares how those characteristics within his grandfather affected him. The family recollects on Milton’s many talents as an athlete and his passion for coaching. They conclude the interview by reflecting upon the positive impact that Milton had on the OSU campus and the significance of his story and legacy.Audio File via MediaSpace:https://media.oregonstate.edu/media/t/0_5uih38tw, Milton Family: Loretta Milton grew up in Roseburg, Oregon, and attended OSU in the late 1960s. She met her husband, Fred Milton, at OSU. They married in 1969 and moved to Utah where she worked as a teacher’s aide at the Edith Bowen Lab School while Fred completed his degree at Utah State University. For a short time, while Fred Milton played for the Montreal Alouettes, a Canadian football team, Loretta worked as a waitress. Loretta and Fred moved to Portland, Oregon, in the early 1970s, had several children, and were married until his death in 2011. Zalika Gardner, born 1973 in Portland, Oregon, is daughter to Fred and Loretta Milton. Isaiah Adams is Zalika Gardner’s son and Fred and Loretta Milton’s grandson.
Two US Army men, one cadet, wearing post WWI issue high collar jacket with brim cap and high laced leather boots. The second, an officer, probably OAC Staff personnel with later rolled collar (1926 issue) dress jacket and Sam Browne belt. This was a common theme in military photographs depicting the tallest and shortest men in a particular unit.
Wide angle photo of OAC Cadet band in formation on parade field, probably Inspection Day in mid 1920s. Band in marching formation with instruments. Double exposure trick photography changing perspective. Band in foreground is smaller than the band in the background.
Latino OSU: “Ideologías Lingüistas en los Estados Unidos” is divided into several segments all connected to the topic of linguistic ideologies or “ideologías lingüistas’ in Spanish. The students interviewed professors, students, and local professionals to discuss topics such as how linguistic ideologies are related to languages perceived as prestigious, how people speak differently depending on their social environments, how perspectives on language differs in an international context as well as how it is perceived in the United States, especially the idea of an “official language,” how language is taught in schools, how peoples’ identities are shaped by the language(s) they speak, and finally, perspectives on Spanish-language music., ~, Audio: https://media.oregonstate.edu/media/t/0_80rhd5tk
Gerald W. Williams is a native of Oregon and earned degrees from Southern Oregon University (B.A., Sociology; M.A. General Studies Social Science) and Washington State University (Ph.D., Sociology). Williams worked for the U.S. Forest Service from 1979 until his retirement in 2005. From 1979 to 1993, he was a sociologist with the Umpqua and Willamette National Forests in Oregon; in 1993-1998, he served as the regional sociologist for the Pacific Northwest Regional Office in Portland; and from 1998 until his retirement in 2005. He was the national historian for the U.S. Forest Service in Washington, D.C. Williams designed and implemented a regional and national history program for the Forest Service which culminated in his appointment as national historian. He has published more than 75 books, chapters, book reviews, and articles and conference papers exploring a variety of historical topics such as the Native American use of fire to manage environments, the Civilian Conservation Corps, and the U.S. Army's Spruce Production Division during World War I.
Includes footage of various birds, including their nesting sites. The film ends with footage of a pet quail and pet duck with the family dog. Includes title panels: "P Ranch, 40 miles of water and marshland, added to Malheur refuge"; "Trapping and banding ducks"; "Winter refuge for waterfowl"; and "A new kind of duck dog".
Filmed near Red Eagle (Montana?); includes footage of camp, porcupine, elk, moose and mountain goats. Includes title panels: "Fool hens"; "The trail needed patching"; "Leaving our horses we crept cautiously to the edge of a steep bank and peered over"; "The idea was to lie in wait at the stream crossing below the lick -- and it worked"; and "In the moose country."
The proud mother of these babies brought them 70 miles by canoe when she heard that she would be able to have their pictures taken. She was a bit unusual in that the Indians are still rather superstitious about having their pictures taken - but so are twins unusual among the Indians. You will note the garb is scarcely that of Indian taste, but this was one of the cases where the Major supplied the apparel in which they posed. The story you often hear that a tribal law require that twins be put to death, is without foundation and the Major is misquoted as its source.
This man typifies the more superstitious element among the Indians (which is, however, dying away gradually). When out in the mountains near Canyon City his wife fell ill and he decided that "Dr. Joe" some miles distant had "thrown medicine into" his wife thus causing her illness, he came into Pendleton with "blood in his eye." Fortunately, however, he met Major Morehouse, who talked him out of his purpose when we explained, "Me killee that doctor." He belongs to the Cayuse tribe.
The Indians of the Umatilla Reservation are more adept in the construction of bags than baskets, though they do make some baskets. When they do make them they use corn husks woven together with a twine made from roots they gather. Some baskets are, however, made of cedar roots covered with the inside of some kinds of bark. One of these we purchased, and wishing to use it for candy on one occasion, we scrubbed it thoroughly with a metal "mitt" and soap suds, but neither the form nor the colors were in the least affected.
Note the elaborate baby board. These baby boards are carried on the Indian women's backs. We might mention here that the women very much prefer being called Indian women to "Squaw") and if they are mixed blooded you will find yourself much more popular with them if you will remember to say "mixed blood" instead of "breed." We each our own particular species of pride.
This Indian came to a rather untimely end, for when he was thrown in jail for some offence his wife, Josephine, brought him "fire water" and after imbibing rater freely of it he fell on the flood, so injuring himself that death resulted.
Parson Motanic, now about 60 years old, was one of the wildest Indians on the Reservation before he came in contact with Rev. Cornelison of the Presbyterian Mission and was converted. Parson Motanic tells the story of the changes in his life in his tongue only, but his delivery of it is ideal and you are not surprised when the interpreter tells you that he says he was
Note the tule (too-le) tepee. Tule is very similar to cat-tails and is brought up on pack horses from near Echo. The stalks are cut in lengths, then into strips of tepee material resembling floor matting in color, though it is very much courser.
Baby's first cradle is simple, but as he grows older he is given a larger and more elaborate board. These first ones are almost always made of buckskin, though the later ones are frequently of cloth and very heavily beaded.
The girl in the middle is Esther, who in 1922 won the first place in Umatilla County's Oratorical contest - high school division. She is very popular among her schoolmates in the Pendleton High School.