Population, 2,907,000. Paris, the capital of the French Republic, is a very beautiful city, with broad boulevards and numerous buildings of unusual interest. In its great museums are many of the world's most precious works of art. This city is located on the Seine and is in the midst of a rich agricultural country. It is also on the highway of travel from the Mediterranean countries northward through the valley of the Saone-Rhone system and down the valley of the Seine. Paris is an important railroad center and is also a port for the smaller ocean-going vessels. Many different industries were established here because it was easy to bring in raw material and to distribute manufactured foods from this center.
Population, 780,220. Naples is the largest city in Italy. It is located near a fertile lowland where a very dense population is supported. The climate is warm in this lowland area, and most of the people lead an agricultural life. Nearly all the inhabitants of this region make their homes in the villages near the coast and go into the country each day to work on their farms.